In spite of Slovakia being a rather small country it boasts very diverse natural conditions and a great variety of both fauna and flora species. There are almost all European habitats (excluding Mediterranean vegetation types and sea shore habitats) present on the territory of Slovakia. Forest cover exceeds 41 % (cadastre records data, actual forest cover is several per cent higher). Forests are predominantly semi-natural or artificial. Despite this fact they are rather well-preserved. From the European point of view, Slovakia is also country rich in remnants of primeval forests (habitats otherwise very rare in Europe) . Category of agricultural land also features some well-preserved grasslands and alpine meadows. Wetlands are quite rare, but there are several sites of the European importance to be found between them.

From the altitudinal point of view, Slovak vegetation is divided into several altitudinal vegetation zones ranging from the oakwoods in the lowest altitudes to the alpine meadows and bare rock habitats high up the mountains. There is no zone of the permanent snow cover present in Slovakia.

Soils are also very diverse, they include types ranging from chernozems (in the lowlands) to podzols and crysols (in the mountains). Volcanic bedrocks have given origin to black soils called andosols (name derived from the Japanese word an-do).

Fauna: Natural conditions of Slovakia provide favourable habitats for the majority of fauna species originally to be present in Europe, including large carnivoras such as:

which have gradually become completely extinct in the countries of Western Europe.

Other rare fauna species include:

Characteristic common species include: red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), european hare (Lepus europaeus), Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), white stork (Ciconia alba)

Flora: to be continued soon