Slovakia is a small landlocked country located almost right in the geographical centre of Europe. Major part of the Slovak territory is covered by the distinctive mountain massif of the Western Carpathians (Západné Karpaty) but stretches also to the lowlands at the Carpathian foothills. To the north and west the territory is enclosed by the ridges of the Carpathians. To the south the Danube and Ipel Rivers provide a natural boundary.

Majority of the territory of Slovakia (60%) is rather mountanious, the southwest and eastwest regions are predominately formed by lowlands and rolling hills (40%).
the highest mountain: Gerlach Peak (Gerlachovský stít) - 2 655 m,
the lowest land point: intersection point of the River Bodrog and the boundary between Slovakia and Hungaria (93m)

the largest river: Danube (Dunaj), the 2th largest European river (2830 km, 1992 m3/s) sourced in the Alps and German Black Forest
the largest river sourced in Slovakia: Váh (378 km, 153 m3/s)

the largest lake: Great Hinco's Lake (Velké Hincovo pleso) - 20 ha, a mountain glacier lake
There are only few lakes in Slovakia; all of them are rather small, the largest water bodies are to be dams.
the largest dam: Orava Dam (Oravská priehrada) - 35,4 km2, maximum volume: 345,87 mil. m3

the largest cave system: Caves of Demanova (Demänovské jaskyne) - 33 km, Stratena Cave (Stratenská jaskyna) - 21 km
the deepest abyss: "Old Castle" (Starý Hrad) - 432m